Hydraulic – Centrifugal Pumps Manufacturer http://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/ Tue, 22 Nov 2022 15:01:03 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/icon-65.png Hydraulic – Centrifugal Pumps Manufacturer http://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/ 32 32 Hydraulic Seals Market Revenue to Surpass US$5,770.71 Million https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/hydraulic-seals-market-revenue-to-surpass-us5770-71-million/ Tue, 22 Nov 2022 12:56:00 +0000 https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/hydraulic-seals-market-revenue-to-surpass-us5770-71-million/ Growing adoption of hydraulic cylinders across various end-use industries is accelerating market growth at a CAGR of 4.9% during 2020-2027 According to our latest market study on “Hydraulic Seals Market Forecast to 2027 – Impact of COVID-19 and Global Analysis – by Product (Wiper Seals, Piston Seals, Rod Seals, Buffer Seals and Others) and Industry […]]]>

Growing adoption of hydraulic cylinders across various end-use industries is accelerating market growth at a CAGR of 4.9% during 2020-2027

According to our latest market study on “Hydraulic Seals Market Forecast to 2027 – Impact of COVID-19 and Global Analysis – by Product (Wiper Seals, Piston Seals, Rod Seals, Buffer Seals and Others) and Industry (Automotive, Aerospace, Agriculture, Chemical, Marine, and Others), “market was valued at US$3,950.09 Million in 2019 and is projected to reach US$5,770.71 Million by 2027 ; it is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.9% from 2020 to 2027. The report highlights the key factors driving market growth and prominent players with their developments in the market.

Hydraulic seals are used in hydraulic cylinders to seal openings between multiple components in a hydraulic cylinder. Joints are machined or cast and are carefully designed using sophisticated simulation software. Hydraulic seals are made from a variety of materials such as polyurethane, rubber or polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). It offers high resistance to fluids, heat and wear. The primary tasks of hydraulic seals are to retain hydraulic fluids, maintain alignment of rod and pistons (to exclude solid or liquid contamination), and maintain hydraulic pressure.

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Top Key Players Covered in this report:
A few well-established players operating in the global hydraulic seals market are AW Chesterton Company, All Seals Inc., Freudenberg Sealing Technologies, James Walker, Kastas Sealing Technologies, Parker Hannifin Corp, SealTeam Australia, SKF, and Trelleborg Group.

Hydraulic cylinders are widely used by various end-use industries such as automotive, agriculture, construction, aerospace, oil and gas. Hydraulic seals play a central role in hydraulic cylinders. High performance seals are needed to contain pressurized fluids in a hydraulic cylinder system and keep it moving. Continuous demand in industries where hydraulic systems play a crucial role is driving the adoption of hydraulic cylinders, which, in turn, is driving the growth of the hydraulic seals market. The irreplaceability of hydraulic systems in aviation, manufacturing, construction equipment, and infrastructure also bolsters the growth of the hydraulic seals market. The incorporation of machines with hydraulic cylinders encourages growth in functionality, precision and offers improvements in controlled performance and ease of use.

The growing demand for material handling equipment and the increase in construction activities to contribute to economic development are amplifying the use of hydraulic jacks. The growing demand for sophisticated agricultural machinery, combined with the increase in population size and the boom in the oil and gas industry, further increases the demand for hydraulic jacks. Hydraulic cylinders are the most popular actuators for oil and gas applications due to their key characteristics of high power-to-size ratio, durability in harsh environments, and consistently maintained force and torque. For example, the small and compact shape of hydraulic jacks makes it possible to effectively use powerful, light and robust equipment to perform narrow hole drilling and efficient pipe handling. In addition, hydraulic cylinders based on the double-acting function are widely used for heavy trucks, forklifts and earthmoving equipment. Thus, the extensive use of hydraulic cylinders in various end-use industries, coupled with technological advancements in the hydraulic industry, is driving the growth of the hydraulic seals market.

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Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Hydraulic Seals market
The COVID-19 pandemic was first reported in Wuhan (China) in December 2019. In January 2021, the United States, Brazil, India, Russia, South Africa, Mexico and the UK are among the worst affected countries in terms of confirmed COVID-19 cases and reported deaths. The epidemic is negatively affecting the economies and industries of various countries due to lockdowns, travel bans and business closures. The general market slump due to plant shutdowns and supply chain disruptions and slowing global economy are hampering the growth of the hydraulic seals market.

The report includes the global hydraulic seals market segmentation as follows:

By product

• Scraper seals
• Piston seals
• Rod seals
• Buffer seals
• Others
By end-use industry

• Automotive
• Aeronautics
• Agriculture
• Chemical
• Sailor
• Others

The report includes the global hydraulic seals market segmentation as follows:

Based on type, the global hydraulic seals market is segmented into HCFC, HFC, HFO, isobutane, propane, ammonia, carbon dioxide, and others. Based on application, the global market is segmented into refrigeration systems, chillers, air conditioning systems, MAC and others.

The objectives of this analysis are:
1. To characterize, describe, and verify the Hydraulic Seals Market based on product type, application, and region.
2. To estimate and inspect the Hydraulic Seals market size (in terms of value) in six key regions, especially North & South America, Western Europe, Central & Eastern Europe, Middle East, Africa and Asia-Pacific.
3. To estimate and inspect the Hydraulic Seals markets nationwide in every region.
4. To strategically investigate each submarket on personal development trends and its contribution to the Hydraulic Seals market.
5. Examine the opportunities in the hydraulic seals market for shareholders by recognizing excessive growth market segments.

Contact us:
If you have any questions about this report or would like further information, please contact us:
Contact person: Sameer Joshi
Email: sales@theinsightpartners.com
Phone: +1-646-491-9876

About Us:
The Insight Partners is a one-stop provider of actionable intelligence industry research. We help our clients find solutions to their research needs through our syndicated research and advisory services. We specialize in industries such as Semiconductors and Electronics, Aerospace and Defense, Automotive and Transportation, Healthcare, Manufacturing and Construction, Media and Technology, Chemicals and the materials.

This press release was published on openPR.

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Silica Sand Market 2022 | Price Trends, Industry Overview, Analysis, Opportunity and Forecast to 2027 https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/silica-sand-market-2022-price-trends-industry-overview-analysis-opportunity-and-forecast-to-2027/ Wed, 16 Nov 2022 04:56:09 +0000 https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/silica-sand-market-2022-price-trends-industry-overview-analysis-opportunity-and-forecast-to-2027/ According to the latest report of the IMARC group, entitled “silica sand market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2022-2027,” the Global silica sand market size reached US$21.6 billion in 2021. Looking ahead, IMARC Group expects the market to reach US$30.9 billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 6% in 2022- […]]]>

According to the latest report of the IMARC group, entitled “silica sand market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2022-2027,” the Global silica sand market size reached US$21.6 billion in 2021. Looking ahead, IMARC Group expects the market to reach US$30.9 billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 6% in 2022- 2027.

Year considered to estimate the market size:

Base year of analysis: 2021

Historical period: 2016-2021

Forecast period: 2022-2027

Silica Sand Market Overview:

Silica sand, or quartz/industrial sand, is made from two main elements: oxygen and silica. It is a chemically inert and relatively hard mineral composed of quartz and other materials, such as clay minerals, carbonates, feldspars and iron oxide. Usually odorless, the powder can range from almost transparent to a darker gray color. It is insoluble and non-combustible and offers several additional advantages, such as high strength, resistance to heat and chemical reactions, granularity and durability. As a result, silica sand is widely used in industrial casting, glassmaking, water filtration, hydraulic fracturing, and sandblasting.

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Silica Sand Market Trends:

One of the major factors accelerating the growth of the market is the increasing application of the products in the hydraulic fracturing process. Additionally, increasing shale gas production activities and rapidly expanding construction sector are creating a positive outlook for the market. On the other hand, increasing demand for high purity silica sand for manufacturing photovoltaic panels and silicon-metal composite materials and development of solar infrastructure are factors contributing to the growth of the market. Moreover, rapid industrialization and increasing construction of commercial structures, high-rise buildings, arenas, shopping malls, and hotels across the globe are giving impetus to the growth of the market.

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Competitive Analysis and Segmentation of the Silica Sand Market 2022-2027:

Competitive landscape with key players:

The competitive landscape of the Silica Sand Market has been studied in the report with the detailed profiles of key players operating in the market.

Ask the analyst to customize and explore the full report with table of contents and list of figures: https://www.imarcgroup.com/request?type=report&id=529&flag=C

Market summary:

  • On the basis of end use, the market has been segmented into glass industry, foundry, hydraulic fracturing, filtration, abrasives and others. At present, silica sand is mainly used in the glass industry, where it is an essential component in the production of glass containers, flat glass and special glass which is then used in automotive applications, construction and solar.
  • Regionally, China holds the leading position in the market. Other major regions include the United States, Italy, Turkey, Germany and Australia.
  • The competitive landscape of the market has been examined in the report, along with detailed profiles of key players operating in the industry.

Main highlights of the report:

  • Market Performance (2016-2021)
  • Market Outlook (2022-2027)
  • Market trends
  • Market drivers and success factors
  • Impact of COVID-19
  • Value chain analysis
  • Complete mapping of the competitive landscape

If you need specific information that is not currently covered in the report, we will provide it to you as part of the customization.

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IMARC’s information products include major business, scientific, economic and technological developments for business leaders in pharmaceutical, industrial and high-tech organizations. Market forecasts and industry analysis for biotechnology, advanced materials, pharmaceuticals, food and beverages, travel and tourism, nanotechnology and new processing methods are at the top of the list. company expertise.

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Why do airplanes store fuel in the wings? https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/why-do-airplanes-store-fuel-in-the-wings/ Sun, 13 Nov 2022 08:30:00 +0000 https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/why-do-airplanes-store-fuel-in-the-wings/ There are several reasons why many modern aircraft designers have chosen to place the primary fuel tanks in the wings. An aircraft’s wing contains a significant amount of extra space not used for storage, is easily accessible, and is responsible for creating lift for the entire airframe. Placing the fuel in the wings also increases […]]]>

There are several reasons why many modern aircraft designers have chosen to place the primary fuel tanks in the wings. An aircraft’s wing contains a significant amount of extra space not used for storage, is easily accessible, and is responsible for creating lift for the entire airframe.


Placing the fuel in the wings also increases the aircraft’s strength and stability during takeoff and leaves room for additional cargo capacity.

Airplanes refuel from trucks to fuel tanks in the wings

Photo: Getty Images


Storage and lifting factor

When considering the aerodynamics of an aircraft, the wings are directly responsible for creating lift, which supports the fuselage containing cargo and passengers during flight. On some long-haul flights, the fuel contained in the aircraft at take-off can represent up to a third of the aircraft’s gross weight.

SIMPLEFLYING VIDEO OF THE DAY

The Boeing 747 notably burns up to a gallon of fuel per second of flight and must carry enough accordingly. Even next-generation jets must retain a significant amount of fuel to cover the actual trip, as well as reserves for taxiing, diversion, contingencies and other emergencies. Today’s twin-engine aircraft, such as the Airbus A350are able to carry over 37,000 gallons fuel.

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If this extra weight were to be stored entirely in the fuselage, it would reduce the available cargo space and increase the stresses and strains on the aircraft structure. Loading fuel into the wings brings a significant portion of the weight directly to the source of lift, reducing stress on the wings in flight and distributing the load more evenly across the airframe.

Airliner_main_fuel_tanks

The wings also contain controls for the ailerons and flaps, as well as various electronic and hydraulic flight equipment. Baggage and other cargo, however, is generally not stored in the wing due to height restrictions, but is instead stored in the fuselage.

Strength, understanding of flex and flutter

The fuel tanks in the wings, especially when full, ensure the strength and stability of the aircraft during takeoff. Full fuel tanks increase wing stiffness and more evenly distribute the total takeoff weight across the aircraft. As the plane accelerates down the runway, the extra weight helps keep the wingtips down and level to balance the disproportionately heavy fuselage.

The wings of some aircraft are designed to flex to improve aerodynamic stability. This development is particularly noticeable in airliners such as the Boeing 787 Dreamliner, which incorporates composite technology to allow the wings to flex up to 25 feet. The result is a more streamlined aircraft with reduced drag and the ability to adapt more dynamically to turbulence.

The wings of a Boeing 787 are supposed to flex slightly

Photo: Getty Images

Baffles further subdivide the fuel tanks. The rigid bulkheads inside the tanks are placed perpendicular to the wings and have small holes to prevent fuel from swinging from side to side during flight. Some aircraft also include systems to manually rebalance the tanks should one side become heavier than the other.

Systems, where else could it be?

Aircraft fuel has not always been stored in the wings, and while this is the most common location in commercial airliners today, there are still several outliers. Several Airbus A320 family aircraft also have the ability to load fuel tanks into the cargo hold. The Airbus A321LR, for example, can hold up to three removable fuel tanks for long trips. The A321XLR has an integrated central fuel tank to increase its autonomy.

One of the advantages of fuel storage in the wings is the gravity feed capability. As the fuel tanks are above the engines in many aircraft, this can help reduce reliance on a fuel pump. Aircraft that have a central fuel tank in the belly of the aircraft to hold reserve fuel usually empty it first to ensure gravity feed is available for as long as possible.

A few jumbo jets include rear fuel tanks from the plane. The fuel in the tanks placed in the horizontal stabilizers also serves as ballast to manage the center of gravity on long-haul flights.

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Caravan modifications and repairs to add to your projects https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/caravan-modifications-and-repairs-to-add-to-your-projects/ Thu, 10 Nov 2022 05:54:41 +0000 https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/caravan-modifications-and-repairs-to-add-to-your-projects/ Introduction If you have a caravan, you probably know that it’s not just about driving from point A to point B. You can have as much fun modifying and fixing your vehicle as using it according to its primary destination. By making additions like LED light bars and installing a hot water system, you’ll make […]]]>

Introduction

If you have a caravan, you probably know that it’s not just about driving from point A to point B. You can have as much fun modifying and fixing your vehicle as using it according to its primary destination. By making additions like LED light bars and installing a hot water system, you’ll make your caravan safer, more convenient to use and easier to move around. But these are not the only modifications or repairs worth considering: safety is paramount, so it is important to choose an appropriate mover for your motorhome before undertaking any type of trip; hydraulic cylinders may need to be replaced if they no longer work properly or are leaking; rams can also leak, which means they may also need to be replaced (and there are many other useful modifications that can be undertaken).

The best caravan modifications and repairs

The best caravan modifications and repairs are those that make your travels safer, more comfortable and easier. Here are some of the most important things you can do to improve your caravan:

  • Safety is paramount in any caravan modification or repair. Make sure you get only the highest quality products when investing in safety items like seat belts and airbags.
  • Installing a hot water system will help make winter nights more comfortable for you and your family, especially if it’s a portable house rather than a trailer.
  • Installing LED light bars will keep everyone safe at night on dark roads by illuminating anything that might be hidden from view.
  • Practical modifications include the installation of cup holders, speakers, DVD players or other entertainment systems so that everyone can enjoy their trip without having to use the precious battery to play games on their phone all day ! You’ll also want to consider adding some shelving or cabinetry inside so everything has its place so nothing gets lost in transit either!

Safety is paramount

Safety is paramount when working on a caravan. When modifying or repairing the vehicle, it is important to ensure that you and your family are safe and comfortable. If you have any doubts about the safety of a modification or repair, don’t do it!

Always wear protective clothing when working with tools, including long sleeves, long pants, closed shoes with steel toes (not leather soles), goggles, and earmuffs if necessary. Follow all safety guidelines for the tools you use and make sure no one else is in danger during any part of the project.

Choose a high quality caravan mover

There are other things to look for when choosing a caravan mover. The weight capacity, size, and material of the mover are all important factors in determining how well it will meet your needs. You should also consider how strong the bearings and other parts of the mover are, as well as whether or not it is easy to use. motorized jockey wheel.

Installation of a hot water system

Adding a hot water system to your caravan is not a difficult project. There are several ways to do this, for example by installing an external hot water tank or by adding a pump and tank inside the caravan.

To install an external tank:

  • Drill two holes in the side of the van to run the pipes through.
  • Run the pipe through these holes and join them with a T-junction piece (which will also require drilled holes).
  • Attach one end of your new hose to your shower head, then connect it to another length of hose before re-attaching this section to itself – using another T-junction piece with holes drilled for everything to stay properly connected!
  • Once all of these things have been done correctly, you should have no more problems getting hot water to your caravan!

Install LED light bars

LED light bars are a great way to improve your caravan’s visibility and make it stand out in the crowd. They’re easy to install and come in a variety of colors and sizes, so you can find one that suits your needs like this. light bars for sale.

LED light bars are more efficient than traditional bulbs, which means they’ll save you money on your energy bills. LEDs also last longer than regular bulbs, so you won’t have to replace them as often.

Changes for Convenience

  • Power outlets: These allow you to plug in your laptop and other electronic devices. If you have a large caravan, consider adding several power outlets.
  • Water Tank: This is an important addition as it ensures that your water supply is always available. Most campgrounds require you to use treated water to protect the environment, which will ensure that you can always access treated water when needed.
  • Toilets: If you plan to stay in one place for long periods of time, having a toilet installed can be very useful, especially if there is no toilet nearby!
  • Fridge: If you’re traveling abroad or just want to have cold drinks on hand at all times (we understand), installing a fridge will help you keep things cool for as long as possible without be plugged into an outlet. Consider putting one indoors or outdoors depending on whether space allows indoors or not – it might be easier to set up outdoors without taking up too much space!

Repair or replace hydraulic rams and rams

hydraulic cylinder and rams are used to open and close the door and raise and lower the awning.

Replacing hydraulic cylinders can be a relatively simple task, but replacing hydraulic cylinders is more difficult as it requires removing the entire roof unit.

Caravan repairs you can do yourself

If you’re the type of person who likes to do things from scratch, then caravan repair is something you can learn to do. If this is something you are interested in, then it is important to know that some repairs should be left to professionals. Indeed, they require certain tools and knowledge that are not always easy to master for a carpenter or an amateur mechanic. Don’t be discouraged though! There are many simple tasks that can be done by yourself without the need for special equipment or training. When you are faced with a decision between hiring someone else and doing the project yourself, it is best, if possible, to try to repair your caravan first instead of hiring someone from other, as it will save you money in the long run while giving you full ownership of your project and preventing anyone else from having access to personal areas they don’t belong to (like under the beds).

Other Useful Caravan Mods and Repairs

There are many other modifications you can add to your van. Here are some ideas to get you started:

  • Install a solar panel on the roof of your caravan. The added benefit is that it will lower your gas bill and also help keep your batteries healthy in the winter when there is no sun!
  • Install a water tank outside your caravan, which will hold extra water so you don’t have to worry about running out of it so quickly. This is particularly useful if you are going for more than one night or if it is an area where access to drinking water is limited (for example: in the middle of nowhere).
  • If you have enough space inside your van, consider adding a gas-fired hot water system so it heats up instantly when needed (much better than waiting for cold water from the outside). This can be hooked up directly to an existing gas stove or camping oven to maximize efficiency within limited space constraints. As long as there are enough sockets inside, it should work fine!

Know the modifications and repairs you want to make before you start the job.

Before you start a project, it’s important to think about what you want to achieve and how much time and money you’re willing to spend on it. This will help you decide which modifications and repairs are appropriate for your van.

For example, if your van doesn’t have a fridge or cooking facilities, adding some would be more worthwhile than installing solar panels if there’s nowhere to go for the panels.

Conclusion

We hope to have given you some good ideas for caravan modifications and repairs that you can do yourself, without the need for a mechanic or a specialist. From installing LED lights to replacing hydraulic jacks and jacks, these projects can save you money while helping to keep your caravan safe.

Related articles on GISuser:

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Discover this new electric telescopic crawler crane – the first in its weight class https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/discover-this-new-electric-telescopic-crawler-crane-the-first-in-its-weight-class/ Fri, 04 Nov 2022 22:17:00 +0000 https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/discover-this-new-electric-telescopic-crawler-crane-the-first-in-its-weight-class/ German crane manufacturer Sennebogen last week launched a 50 metric ton electric telescopic crawler crane – the first battery-powered crane in its weight class. Telescopic crawler cranes are used to lift materials using a hydraulic winch and by raising and lowering the boom – i.e. pick up and carry. They have excellent maneuverability in difficult […]]]>

German crane manufacturer Sennebogen last week launched a 50 metric ton electric telescopic crawler crane – the first battery-powered crane in its weight class.

Telescopic crawler cranes are used to lift materials using a hydraulic winch and by raising and lowering the boom – i.e. pick up and carry. They have excellent maneuverability in difficult terrain.

The Electric heater 653 Edeveloped with Dutch dealer Van den Heuvelhas a 130 kW electric motor powered by a lithium-ion battery in the superstructure.

The liquid-cooled battery system, which Sennebogen said “has already proven itself on-road and off-road in the most difficult conditions”, has a capacity of 210 kWh and is connected to a smart battery management system.

Sennebogen’s electric telescopic crawler crane can operate in battery mode for up to 14 hours. To charge, the 653 E Electro battery can be connected to a 32 A CEE industrial socket, usually available on any construction site. It has a 22 kW on-board charger, so there is no need for additional charging stations.

Here’s the great thing about a 50 ton electric crane: no diesel, so no harmful emissions. Sennebogen claims it saves more than 23 metric tons of CO2 per year in single-shift operation. It requires less maintenance and no oil changes. It is also quieter and vibrates less than a diesel-powered crane, so it is ideal for use around town, and for moving and positioning heavy loads on structural engineering and bridge construction work.

Read more: Komatsu’s first mid-size electric excavator features a Proterra battery

Photo: Sennebogen


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EATON CORP PLC MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL POSITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS. (Form 10-Q) https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/eaton-corp-plc-managements-discussion-and-analysis-of-financial-position-and-results-of-operations-form-10-q/ Tue, 01 Nov 2022 18:37:15 +0000 https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/eaton-corp-plc-managements-discussion-and-analysis-of-financial-position-and-results-of-operations-form-10-q/ Amounts are in millions of dollars or shares, unless otherwise indicated (per share data assumes dilution). Columns and rows may not add up and the sum of the components may not equal the total amounts reported due to rounding. COMPANY PRESENTATION Eaton Corporation plc (Eaton or the Company) is an intelligent power management company dedicated […]]]>

Amounts are in millions of dollars or shares, unless otherwise indicated (per share data assumes dilution). Columns and rows may not add up and the sum of the components may not equal the total amounts reported due to rounding.

COMPANY PRESENTATION


Eaton Corporation plc (Eaton or the Company) is an intelligent power management
company dedicated to improving the quality of life and protecting the
environment for people everywhere. We are guided by our commitment to do
business right, to operate sustainably and to help our customers manage power -
today and well into the future. By capitalizing on the global growth trends of
electrification and digitalization, we're accelerating the planet's transition
to renewable energy, helping to solve the world's most urgent power management
challenges, and doing what's best for our stakeholders and all of society.

Eaton's businesses are well-positioned to take advantage of secular growth
trends related to the energy transition from fossil fuels to renewables. We are
responding to these trends by innovating solutions that transform the electrical
power value chain, investing in electrical vehicle markets, increasing our focus
on electrification, and employing digital technologies for power management. The
Company's innovations are expected to enable the integration of renewables and
sustainability solutions, with new types of equipment, services, and software.
These strategic focus areas are an important part of our response to climate
change.

Founded in 1911, Eaton has been listed on the New York Stock Exchange for nearly
a century. We reported revenues of $19.6 billion in 2021 and serve customers in
more than 170 countries.


                                       27
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Portfolio changes


The Company continues to actively manage its portfolio of businesses to deliver
on its strategic objectives. The Company is focused on deploying its capital
toward businesses that provide opportunities for above-market growth, strong
returns, and align with secular trends and its power management strategies.
During 2021 and 2022, Eaton has completed a number of transactions to strengthen
its portfolio.

Business acquisitions and investments in associates

                                                             Date of acquisition                Business segment
Tripp Lite                                                              March 17, 2021                 Electrical Americas
A leading supplier of power quality products and
connectivity solutions including single-phase
uninterruptible power supply systems, rack power
distribution units, surge protectors, and enclosures for
data centers, industrial, medical, and communications
markets in the Americas.

Green Motion SA                                                         March 22, 2021                  Electrical Global

A leading designer and manufacturer of electric vehicle charging hardware and related software.


HuanYu High Tech                                                        March 29, 2021                  Electrical Global

A 50% stake in HuanYu High Tech, a subsidiary of
HuanYu Group which manufactures and markets low voltage circuit breakers and contactors in Chinaand throughout the Asia-Pacific region.


Mission Systems                                                          June 1, 2021                       Aerospace

A leading manufacturer of in-flight refueling, environmental and actuation systems primarily for the defense markets.


Jiangsu YiNeng Electric's busway business                                June 25, 2021                  Electrical Global

A 50% stake in Jiangsu Yineng Electric armored pipe company that manufactures and markets armored pipe products in
China.


Royal Power Solutions                                                   January 5, 2022                     eMobility

A manufacturer of high-precision electrical connectivity components used in the electric vehicle, energy management, industrial and mobility markets.

Jiangsu Huineng Electric Co.,Ltd circuit breaker company

                                                                 July 1, 2022                   Electrical Global

A 50% stake in Jiangsu Huineng Electric Co.,Ltd
circuit breaker company that manufactures and markets low voltage circuit breakers in China.


Divestiture of business         Date of divestiture        Business segment
Hydraulics business               August 2, 2021              Hydraulics

Additional information relating to acquisitions and disposals of activities is presented in note 2.

                                       28
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Restructuring


In the second quarter of 2020, Eaton decided to undertake a multi-year
restructuring program to reduce its cost structure and gain efficiencies in its
business segments and at corporate in order to respond to declining market
conditions brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic. Since the inception of the
program, the Company has incurred charges of $341 million. These restructuring
activities are expected to incur additional expenses of approximately $9 million
in 2022 primarily comprised of plant closing and other costs, resulting in total
estimated charges of $350 million for the entire program. The projected mature
year savings from these restructuring actions are expected to be $250 million
when fully implemented in 2023. Additional information related to this
restructuring is presented in Note 14.

Summary of operating results

A summary of Eaton’s net sales, net income attributable to common stockholders of Eaton and net earnings per share attributable to common stockholders of Eaton – diluted is as follows:


                                                            Three months ended                     Nine months ended
                                                               September 30                           September 30
(In millions except for per share data)                    2022                2021              2022              2021
Net sales                                            $    5,313             $ 4,923          $  15,368          $ 14,830
Net income attributable to Eaton ordinary
shareholders                                                607                 629              1,741             1,593
Net income per share attributable to Eaton ordinary
shareholders - diluted                               $     1.52             $  1.57          $    4.34          $   3.97


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The following discussion of Consolidated Financial Results includes certain
non-GAAP financial measures. These financial measures include adjusted earnings
and adjusted earnings per ordinary share, each of which differs from the most
directly comparable measure calculated in accordance with generally accepted
accounting principles (GAAP). A reconciliation of adjusted earnings and adjusted
earnings per ordinary share to the most directly comparable GAAP measure is
included in the Consolidated Financial Results table below. Management believes
that these financial measures are useful to investors because they provide
additional meaningful financial information that should be considered when
assessing our business performance and trends, and they allow investors to more
easily compare Eaton's financial performance period to period. Management uses
this information in monitoring and evaluating the on-going performance of Eaton.
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Expenses and income from acquisition and sale


Eaton incurs integration charges and transaction costs to acquire and integrate
businesses, and transaction, separation and other costs to divest and exit
businesses. Eaton also recognizes gains and losses on the sale of businesses. A
summary of these Corporate items is as follows:

                                                             Three months ended                       Nine months ended
                                                                September 30                            September 30
(In millions except for per share data)                     2022                2021                2022                2021
Acquisition integration, divestiture charges and
transaction costs                                     $     103              $   179          $      182              $  312
Gain on the sale of the Hydraulics business                   -                 (617)                (24)               (617)
Total charges (income) before income taxes                  103                 (438)                158                (305)
Income tax expense (benefit)                                (17)                 386                 (25)                362
Total charges (income) after income taxes             $      86              $   (52)         $      133              $   57
Charges (income) per ordinary share - diluted         $    0.21              $ (0.13)         $     0.33              $ 0.14


Acquisition integration, divestiture charges and transaction costs in 2022 are
primarily related to the acquisitions of Royal Power Solutions, Souriau-Sunbank
Connection Technologies, Green Motion, Tripp Lite, and Mission Systems, and
other charges to acquire and exit businesses including certain indemnity claims
associated with the sale of 50% interest in the commercial vehicle automated
transmission business in 2017. These costs also included charges of $29 million
presented in Other expense (income) - net on the Consolidated Statements of
Income related to the decision in the second quarter to exit the Company's
business operations in Russia. These charges consisted primarily of write-downs
of accounts receivable, inventory and other assets, and accruals for severance.
Charges in 2021 are primarily related to the divestiture of the Hydraulics
business, the acquisitions of Tripp Lite, Mission Systems, Souriau-Sunbank
Connection Technologies, and Ulusoy Elektrik Imalat Taahhut ve Ticaret A.S., and
other charges to acquire and exit businesses including certain indemnity claims
associated with the sale of 50% interest in the commercial vehicle automated
transmission business in 2017. These charges were included in Cost of products
sold, Selling and administrative expense, Research and development expense, or
Other expense (income) - net. In Business Segment Information in Note 15, the
charges were included in Other income (expense) - net.

Amortization expense of intangible assets

The amortization expense for intangible assets is as follows:


                                                              Three months ended                       Nine months ended
                                                                 September 30                            September 30
(In millions except for per share data)                      2022                2021                2022                2021
Intangible asset amortization expense                 $      124               $  126          $      375              $  326
Income tax benefit                                            27                   27                  80                  56
Total after income taxes                              $       97               $   99          $      295              $  270
Per ordinary share - diluted                          $     0.25               $ 0.25          $     0.74              $ 0.68



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Consolidated financial results

                                               Three months ended                                           Nine months ended
                                                  September 30                    Increase                    September 30                    Increase
(In millions except for per share data)       2022              2021             (decrease)              2022              2021              (decrease)
Net sales                                 $   5,313          $ 4,923                       8  %       $ 15,368          $ 14,830                       4  %
Gross profit                                  1,768            1,585                      12  %          5,049             4,763                       6  %
Percent of net sales                           33.3  %          32.2  %                                   32.9  %           32.1  %
Income before income taxes                      720            1,113                     (35) %          2,060             2,271                      (9) %
Net income                                      608              630                      (3) %          1,743             1,595                       9  %
Less net income for noncontrolling
interests                                        (1)              (1)                                       (2)               (2)
Net income attributable to Eaton ordinary
shareholders                                    607              629                      (3) %          1,741             1,593                       9  %
Excluding acquisition and divestiture
charges (income), after-tax                      86              (52)                                      133                57
Excluding restructuring program charges,
after-tax                                        18               25                                        39                48
Excluding intangible asset amortization
expense, after-tax                               97               99                                       295               270
Adjusted earnings                         $     807          $   701                      15  %       $  2,207          $  1,968                      12  %

Net income per share attributable to
Eaton ordinary shareholders - diluted     $    1.52          $  1.57                      (3) %       $   4.34          $   3.97                       9  %
Excluding per share impact of acquisition
and divestiture charges (income),
after-tax                                      0.21            (0.13)                                     0.33              0.14
Excluding per share impact of
restructuring program charges, after-tax       0.04             0.06                                      0.10              0.12
Excluding per share impact of intangible
asset amortization expense, after-tax          0.25             0.25                                      0.74              0.68

Adjusted earnings per common share $2.02 $1.75

              15  %       $   5.51          $   4.91                      12  %


Net Sales
                                                                   Three months ended         Nine months ended
Changes in Net sales are summarized as follows:                       September 30              September 30
                                                                          2022                      2022
Organic growth                                                                   15  %                     12  %
Acquisitions of businesses                                                        1  %                      3  %
Divestiture of business                                                          (4) %                     (9) %
Foreign currency                                                                 (4) %                     (2) %
Total increase (decrease) in Net sales                                            8  %                      4  %


Organic sales increased 15% in the third quarter and 12% in the first nine
months of 2022 due to broad-based strength in end-markets of the Electrical
Americas and Electrical Global business segments, strength in sales to
commercial OEM and aftermarket in the Aerospace business segment, and higher
sales volumes including inflationary recovery in the Vehicle business segment.
Despite strong growth, many of our businesses continue to be impacted by
operating inefficiencies due to supply chain constraints or shortages,
inflation, and selective labor shortages.

The acquisition of Royal Power Solutions increased sales in the third quarter of
2022 and the acquisitions of Tripp Lite, Mission Systems, and Royal Power
Solutions increased sales in the first nine months of 2022. The divestiture of
the Hydraulics business reduced sales in the third quarter and first nine months
of 2022.

Gross Profit

Gross profit margin increased from 32.2% in the third quarter of 2021 to 33.3%
in the third quarter of 2022 and from 32.1% in the first nine months of 2021 to
32.9% in the first nine months of 2022 primarily due to higher organic sales,
including favorable pricing recovery. Gross profit also improved due to the net
impact of the acquisition of Royal Power Solutions and the divestiture of the
Hydraulics business. Conversely, commodity and logistics inflation and operating
inefficiencies due to supply chain constraints had an unfavorable impact on
gross margin during the third quarter and first nine months of 2022, despite
offsetting pricing actions.
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Income taxes


The effective income tax rate for the third quarter of 2022 was expense of 15.5%
compared to expense of 43.4% for the third quarter of 2021. The effective income
tax rate for the first nine months of 2022 was expense of 15.4% compared to
expense of 29.8% for the first nine months of 2021. The decrease in the
effective tax rate in the third quarter and first nine months of 2022 was
primarily due to the one-time tax impact on the gain from the sale of the
Hydraulics business in the third quarter of 2021 discussed in Note 2.

Net revenue


Net income attributable to Eaton ordinary shareholders of $607 million in the
third quarter of 2022 decreased 3% compared to Net income attributable to Eaton
ordinary shareholders of $629 million in the third quarter of 2021. Net income
attributable to Eaton ordinary shareholders of $1,741 million in the first nine
months of 2022 increased 9% compared to Net income attributable to Eaton
ordinary shareholders of $1,593 million in the first nine months of 2021. Net
income in the third quarter and first nine months of 2021 included an after-tax
gain of $197 million on the sale of the Hydraulics business. Excluding this
gain, the increase in the third quarter and first nine months of 2022 was
primarily due to higher gross profit, lower acquisition and divestiture charges,
and a net improvement in other income which included gains from the sale of
certain office and distribution facilities, partially offset by higher income
tax expense.

Net income per ordinary share decreased to $1.52 in the third quarter of 2022
compared to $1.57 in the third quarter of 2021. Net income per ordinary share
increased to $4.34 in the first nine months of 2022 compared to $3.97 in the
first nine months of 2022. Net income per ordinary share in the third quarter
and first nine months of 2021 included $0.49 from the sale of the Hydraulics
business. Excluding this gain, the increase in Net income per ordinary share in
the third quarter and first nine months of 2022 was due to higher Net income
attributable to Eaton ordinary shareholders and the impact of the Company's
share repurchases over the past year.

Adjusted profit


Adjusted earnings of $807 million in the third quarter of 2022 increased 15%
compared to Adjusted earnings of $701 million in the third quarter of 2021.
Adjusted earnings of $2,207 million in the first nine months of 2022 increased
12% compared to Adjusted earnings of $1,968 million in the first nine months of
2021. The increase in Adjusted earnings in the third quarter and first nine
months of 2022 was primarily due to higher Net income attributable to Eaton
ordinary shareholders, adjusted for acquisition and divestiture charges,
restructuring program charges, and intangible asset amortization expense.

Adjusted earnings per ordinary share increased to $2.02 in the third quarter of
2022 compared to $1.75 in the third quarter of 2021. Adjusted earnings per
ordinary share increased to $5.51 in the first nine months of 2022 compared to
$4.91 in the first nine months of 2022. The increase in Adjusted earnings per
ordinary share in the third quarter and first nine months of 2022 was due to
higher Adjusted earnings and the impact of the Company's share repurchases over
the past year.
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Business segment operating results


The following is a discussion of Net sales, operating profit and operating
margin by business segment.

Electrical Americas

                                   Three months ended                                            Nine months ended
                                      September 30                                                  September 30
(In millions)                     2022              2021          Increase (decrease)          2022              2021          Increase (decrease)
Net sales                     $   2,179          $ 1,854                        18  %       $  6,201          $ 5,325                        16  %

Operating profit              $     511          $   402                        27  %       $  1,368          $ 1,127                        21  %
Operating margin                   23.5  %          21.7  %                                     22.1  %          21.2  %

Changes in Net sales are                                          Three months ended                                            Nine months ended
summarized as follows:                                               September 30                                                 September 30
                                                                         2022                                                         2022
Organic growth                                                                  18  %                                                        15  %
Acquisition of Tripp Lite                                                        -  %                                                         2  %

Foreign currency                                                                 -  %                                                        (1) %
Total increase (decrease) in
Net sales                                                                       18  %                                                        16  %


The increase in organic sales reflects broad-based strength in end markets, with particular strength in commercial, residential, industrial and utility end markets in the third quarter of 2022, and commercial, residential and industrial end markets in the first nine months of 2022.


The operating margin increased from 21.7% in the third quarter of 2021 to 23.5%
in the third quarter of 2022 and from 21.2% in the first nine months of 2021 to
22.1% in the first nine months of 2022 primarily due to higher sales volumes
including favorable pricing recovery, while headwinds from commodity and
logistics inflation and operating inefficiencies due to supply chain constraints
were offset by gains from the sale of certain office and distribution
facilities.

Electrical Global

                                  Three months ended                                            Nine months ended
                                     September 30                                                  September 30
(In millions)                    2022              2021          Increase (decrease)          2022              2021          Increase (decrease)
Net sales                    $   1,486          $ 1,421                         5  %       $  4,418          $ 4,092                         8  %

Operating profit             $     305          $   285                         7  %       $    866          $   757                        14  %
Operating margin                  20.6  %          20.1  %                                     19.6  %          18.5  %

Changes in Net sales are                                         Three months ended                                            Nine months ended
summarized as follows:                                              September 30                                                 September 30
                                                                        2022                                                         2022
Organic growth                                                                 13  %                                                        14  %

Foreign currency                                                               (8) %                                                        (6) %
Total increase (decrease) in
Net sales                                                                       5  %                                                         8  %


The increase in organic sales in the third quarter and the first nine months of 2022 was primarily driven by broad-based end-market strength, with particular strength in data center, commercial and industrial end-markets.


The operating margin increased from 20.1% in the third quarter of 2021 to 20.6%
in the third quarter of 2022 and from 18.5% in the first nine months of 2021 to
19.6% in the first nine months of 2022 primarily due to higher sales volumes
including favorable pricing recovery, partially offset by commodity and
logistics inflation and operating inefficiencies due to supply chain
constraints.


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Hydraulic


On August 2, 2021, Eaton completed the sale of the Hydraulics business segment.
For the third quarter and first nine months ended September 30, 2021, the
Hydraulics segment generated net sales of $179 million and $1,300 million,
respectively, and operating profit of $20 million and $177 million,
respectively.

Aerospace

                                      Three months ended                                              Nine months ended
                                         September 30                                                    September 30
(In millions)                     2022                   2021          Increase (decrease)          2022              2021          Increase (decrease)
Net sales                     $    768                $   745                         3  %       $  2,227          $ 1,889                        18  %

Operating profit              $    185                $   164                        13  %       $    506          $   391                        29  %
Operating margin                  24.0   %               22.0  %                                     22.7  %          20.7  %
Changes in Net sales are                                               Three months ended                                            Nine months ended
summarized as follows:                                                    September 30                                                 September 30
                                                                              2022                                                         2022
Organic growth                                                                        8  %                                                        11  %
Acquisition of Mission
Systems                                                                               -  %                                                        11  %

Foreign currency                                                                     (5) %                                                        (4) %
Total increase (decrease) in
Net sales                                                                             3  %                                                        18  %


The increase in organic sales in the third quarter and the first nine months of 2022 is mainly due to the strength of sales to commercial OEMs and the aftermarket.


The operating margin increased from 22.0% in the third quarter of 2021 to 24.0%
in the third quarter of 2022 and from 20.7% in the first nine months of 2021 to
22.7% in the first nine months of 2022 primarily due to higher organic sales
volumes.

Vehicle
                                     Three months ended                                              Nine months ended
                                        September 30                                                    September 30
(In millions)                    2022                   2021          Increase (decrease)          2022              2021          Increase (decrease)
Net sales                    $    744                $   640                        16  %       $  2,123          $ 1,969                         8  %

Operating profit             $    125                $   115                         9  %       $    346          $   349                        (1) %
Operating margin                 16.8   %               18.0  %                                     16.3  %          17.7  %
Changes in Net sales are                                              Three months ended                                            Nine months ended
summarized as follows:                                                   September 30                                                 September 30
                                                                             2022                                                         2022
Organic growth                                                                      19  %                                                        10  %

Foreign currency                                                                    (3) %                                                        (2) %
Total increase (decrease) in
Net sales                                                                           16  %                                                         8  %


The increase in organic sales in the third quarter and the first nine months of 2022 is mainly due to the strength of the North American truck and light vehicle markets, as well as the South American truck, bus and lorry markets. ‘agriculture.


The operating margin decreased from 18.0% in the third quarter of 2021 to 16.8%
in the third quarter of 2022 and from 17.7% in the first nine months of 2021 to
16.3% in the first nine months of 2022 primarily due to commodity and logistics
inflation and operating inefficiencies due to supply chain constraints,
partially offset by higher sales volumes including inflationary recovery.
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eMobility

                                   Three months ended                                                Nine months ended
                                      September 30                                                     September 30
(In millions)                    2022               2021           Increase (decrease)           2022                  2021          Increase (decrease)
Net sales                    $     137           $     84                        63  %       $    399               $   255                        56  %

Operating profit (loss)      $      (2)          $     (8)                       75  %       $     (7)              $   (21)                       67  %
Operating margin                  (1.5)  %           (9.5) %                                     (1.7)  %              (8.2) %
Changes in Net sales are                                           Three months ended                                                 Nine months ended
summarized as follows:                                                September 30                                                      September 30
                                                                          2022                                                              2022
Organic growth                                                                   17  %                                                             11  %
Acquisition of Royal Power Solutions                                             49  %                                                             47  %

Foreign currency                                                                 (3) %                                                             (2) %
Total increase (decrease) in
Net sales                                                                        63  %                                                             56  %

The increase in organic sales in the third quarter and the first nine months of 2022 is due to the strength of all regions.


The operating margin increased from negative 9.5% in the third quarter of 2021
to negative 1.5% in the third quarter of 2022 and from negative 8.2% in the
first nine months of 2021 to negative 1.7% in the first nine months of 2022
primarily due to higher organic sales volumes and the acquisition of Royal Power
Solutions.

Corporate Expense (Income)

                                           Three months ended                                            Nine months ended
                                              September 30                   Increase                       September 30                      Increase
(In millions)                             2022             2021             (decrease)                  2022                2021             (decrease)
Intangible asset amortization expense $     124          $  126                      (2) %       $       375              $  326                      15  %
Interest expense - net                       37              37                       -  %               100                 112                     (11) %
Pension and other postretirement
benefits income                              (7)            (14)                    (50) %               (35)                (44)                   

(20)%


Restructuring program charges                22              34                     (35) %                49                  63                     (22) %
Other (income) expense - net                227            (318)                   (171) %               529                  52                     917  %
Total corporate (income) expense      $     403          $ (135)                   (399) %       $     1,018              $  509                    

100%



Total corporate expense was $403 million in the third quarter of 2022 compared
to Total corporate income of $135 million in the third quarter of 2021. The
changes in Total corporate (income) expense for the third quarter of 2022 were
primarily due to the change in Other (income) expense - net, driven by the 2021
gain on sale of the Hydraulics business discussed in Note 2, partially offset by
lower acquisition and divestiture charges.

Total corporate expense was $1,018 million in the first nine months of 2022
compared to $509 million in the first nine months of 2021. The increase in Total
corporate expense for the first nine months of 2022 was primarily due to higher
Other expense - net and Intangible asset amortization expense. The increase in
Other expense - net is primarily due to the 2021 gain on sale of the Hydraulics
business discussed in Note 2, partially offset by lower acquisition and
divestiture charges.


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  Table of Contents
LIQUIDITY, CAPITAL RESOURCES, AND FINANCIAL CONDITION

Liquidity and financial situation


Eaton's objective is to finance its business through operating cash flow and an
appropriate mix of equity and long-term and short-term debt. By diversifying its
debt maturity structure, Eaton reduces liquidity risk.

On August 23, 2022, a subsidiary of Eaton issued sustainability-linked senior
notes (2022 Sustainability-Linked Notes) and senior notes (2022 Senior Notes,
and collectively referred to as the Notes). The 2022 Sustainability-Linked Notes
have a face amount of $1.3 billion, mature in 2033, and pay interest
semi-annually at an initial interest rate of 4.15% per annum. Beginning in
September 2028, the interest rate payable on the 2022 Sustainability-Linked
Notes will be increased by an additional 25 basis points per annum if the Scope
1 and Scope 2 greenhouse gas emissions sustainability performance target is not
met. The 2022 Senior Notes have a face amount of $700 million, mature in 2052,
and pay interest semi-annually at 4.70% per annum. The issuer received proceeds
totaling $1.98 billion from the issuance of the Notes, net of financing costs
and discounts.

On October 3, 2022, the Company replaced its existing $2,000 million five-year
revolving credit facility with a new $2,500 million five-year revolving credit
facility that will expire on October 1, 2027. On the same date, the Company
replaced its existing $500 million 364-day revolving credit facility with a new
$500 million 364-day revolving credit facility that will expire on October 2,
2023. The revolving credit facilities totaling $3,000 million are used to
support commercial paper borrowings and are fully and unconditionally guaranteed
by Eaton and certain of its direct and indirect subsidiaries on an
unsubordinated, unsecured basis. In October 2022, the Company also upsized its
commercial paper program to $3,000 million. There were no borrowings outstanding
under Eaton's revolving credit facilities at September 30, 2022. The Company had
access to the commercial paper markets through its $3,000 million commercial
paper program, of which $878 million was outstanding on September 30, 2022.

In 2021, Eaton received proceeds of $3.1 billion from the sale of its Hydraulics
business and paid $4.45 billion to acquire Tripp Lite and Mission Systems. In
2022, the Company paid $612 million to acquire Royal Power Solutions and
received cash of $22 million from Danfoss A/S to fully settle all post-closing
adjustments from the sale of the Hydraulics business.

Over the course of a year, cash, short-term investments, and short-term debt may
fluctuate in order to manage global liquidity. As of September 30, 2022 and
December 31, 2021, Eaton had cash of $231 million and $297 million, short-term
investments of $287 million and $271 million, and short-term debt of
$903 million and $13 million, respectively. Eaton believes it has the operating
flexibility, cash flow, cash and short-term investment balances, availability
under existing revolving credit facilities, and access to capital markets in
excess of the liquidity necessary to meet future operating needs of the
business, fund capital expenditures and acquisitions of businesses, as well as
scheduled payments of long-term debt.

Eaton has complied with each of its covenants for all periods presented.

Cash flow

A summary of the cash flows is as follows:

                                                                Nine months ended
                                                                   September 30
                                                                                   Change
(In millions)                                           2022         2021        from 2021
Net cash provided by operating activities             $ 1,347      $ 1,368      $      (21)
Net cash used in investing activities                    (983)      (1,688)            705

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities (445) 166

          (611)
Effect of currency on cash                                 15          (13)             28

Total decrease in cash                                $   (67)     $  (167)


Operating Cash Flow

Net cash provided by operating activities decreased by $21 million in the first
nine months of 2022 compared to 2021. The decrease in net cash provided by
operating activities in the first nine months of 2022 was primarily due to
higher working capital balances to support the Company's organic growth,
partially offset by taxes paid on the sale of the Hydraulics business in 2021,
cash received from the termination of interest rate swaps in 2022, and lower
pension contributions in 2022 due to a $200 million contribution to Eaton's U.S.
qualified pension plan in 2021.
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Investing cash flow


Net cash used in investing activities decreased by $705 million in the first
nine months of 2022 compared to 2021. The decrease in the use of cash in the
first nine months of 2022 was primarily driven by the decrease in cash paid for
business acquisitions to $612 million in 2022 from $4,500 million in 2021,
proceeds from the sale of certain office and distribution facilities in 2022,
and the decrease in cash paid for investments in associate companies to $42
million in 2022 from $124 million in 2021, partially offset by proceeds received
in 2021 from the sale of the Hydraulics business of $3,110 million and net
purchases of short-term investments of $45 million in 2022 compared to net sales
of $264 million in 2021.

Financing Cash Flow

Net cash used in financing activities increased by $611 million in the first
nine months of 2022 compared to 2021. The increase in the use of cash in the
first nine months of 2022 was primarily due to higher payments on borrowings of
$2,008 million in 2022 compared to $1,011 million in 2021, and higher share
repurchases of $286 million in 2022 compared to $122 million in 2021, partially
offset by an increase in net proceeds of short-term debt to $896 million in 2022
from $430 million in 2021 and higher proceeds from borrowings of $1,995 million
in 2022 compared to $1,798 million in 2021.

Uses of silver

Capital expenditure

Capital expenditures were $389 million and $412 million in the first nine months of 2022 and 2021, respectively. Eaton expects about $650 million capital expenditures in 2022.

Dividends


Cash dividend payments were $977 million and $916 million in the first nine
months of 2022 and 2021, respectively. Payment of quarterly dividends in the
future depends upon the Company's ability to generate net income and operating
cash flows, among other factors, and is subject to declaration by the Eaton
Board of Directors. The Company intends to continue to pay quarterly dividends
in 2022.

Share Repurchases

On February 27, 2019, the Board of Directors adopted a share repurchase program
for share repurchases up to $5.0 billion of ordinary shares (2019 Program). On
February 23, 2022, the Board renewed the 2019 Program by providing authority for
up to $5.0 billion in repurchases to be made during the three-year period
commencing on that date (2022 Program). Under the 2022 Program, the ordinary
shares are expected to be repurchased over time, depending on market conditions,
the market price of ordinary shares, capital levels, and other considerations.
In the first nine months of 2022, 2.0 million ordinary shares were repurchased
under the 2022 program in the open market at a total cost of $286 million. In
the first nine months of 2021, 0.9 million ordinary shares were repurchased
under the 2019 Program in the open market at a total cost of $122 million. At
September 30, 2022, there is $4,714 million still available for share
repurchases under the 2022 Program. The Company will continue to pursue share
repurchases in 2022 depending on market conditions and capital levels.

Acquiring companies

The Company paid in cash $612 million and $4,500 million to acquire businesses in the first nine months of 2022 and 2021, respectively. The Company will continue to focus on deploying its capital to businesses that offer higher growth opportunities and strong returns, and will align with secular trends and its energy management strategies.

Debt

The Company manages a number of short-term and long-term debt securities, including commercial paper. To September 30, 2022the Company had short-term debt of $903 millionCurrent portion of the long-term debt of $23 millionand Long-term debt of $8,082 million.

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Supply Chain Finance Program


The Company negotiates payment terms directly with its suppliers for the
purchase of goods and services. In addition, a third-party financial institution
offers a voluntary supply chain finance (SCF) program that enables certain of
the Company's suppliers, at the supplier's sole discretion, to sell receivables
due from the Company to the financial institution on terms directly negotiated
with the financial institution. If a supplier elects to participate in the SCF
program, the supplier decides which invoices are sold to the financial
institution and the Company has no economic interest in a supplier's decision to
sell an invoice. The SCF program does not have a significant impact on the
Company's liquidity as payments by the Company to participating suppliers are
paid to the financial institution on the invoice due date, regardless of whether
an individual invoice is sold by the supplier to the financial institution. The
amounts due to the financial institution for suppliers that participate in the
SCF program are included in Accounts payable on the Company's Consolidated
Balance Sheets, and the associated payments are included in operating activities
on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. At  September 30, 2022
and December 31, 2021, Accounts payable included $207 million and $151 million,
respectively, payable to suppliers that have elected to participate in the SCF
program.

Guaranteed Debt

Issuers, guarantors and guarantor structure


Eaton Corporation has issued senior notes pursuant to indentures dated April 1,
1994 (the 1994 Indenture), November 20, 2012 (the 2012 Indenture), September 15,
2017 (the 2017 Indenture) and August 23, 2022 (as supplemented by the First and
Second Supplemental Indentures of the same date, the 2022 Indenture). The senior
notes of Eaton Corporation are registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as
amended (the Registered Senior Notes). Eaton Capital Unlimited Company, a
subsidiary of Eaton, is the issuer of four outstanding series of debt securities
sold in offshore transactions under Regulation S promulgated under the
Securities Act (the Eurobonds). The Eurobonds and the Registered Senior Notes
(together, the Senior Notes) comprise substantially all of Eaton's long-term
indebtedness.

Substantially all of the Senior Notes, together with the credit facilities
described above under Liquidity and Financial Condition (the Credit Facilities),
are guaranteed by Eaton and 18 of its subsidiaries. Accordingly, they rank
equally with each other. However, because these obligations are not secured,
they would be effectively subordinated to any existing or future secured
indebtedness of Eaton and its subsidiaries. As of September 30, 2022, Eaton has
no material, long-term secured debt. The guaranteed Registered Senior Notes are
also structurally subordinated to the liabilities of Eaton's subsidiaries that
are not guarantors. Except as described below under Future Guarantors, Eaton is
not obligated to cause its subsidiaries to guarantee the Registered Senior
Notes.

The table set out in Schedule 22 filed with this Form 10-Q details the principal obligors and guarantors in respect of the Secured Registered Senior Notes.

Guarantee conditions of Registered securities


Payment of principal and interest on the Registered Senior Notes is guaranteed,
on an unsecured, unsubordinated basis by the subsidiaries of Eaton set forth in
the table referenced in Exhibit 22. Each guarantee is full and unconditional,
and joint and several. Each guarantor's guarantee is an unsecured obligation
that ranks equally with all its other unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness.
The obligations of each guarantor under its guarantee of the Registered Senior
Notes is subject to a customary savings clause or similar provision designed to
prevent such guarantee from constituting a fraudulent conveyance or otherwise
legally impermissible or voidable obligation.

Though the terms of the indentures vary slightly, generally, each guarantee of
the Registered Senior Notes by a guarantor that is a subsidiary of Eaton
Corporation provides that it will be automatically and unconditionally released
and discharged under certain circumstances, including, but not limited to:

(a)the consummation of certain types of transactions permitted under the
applicable indenture, including one that results in such guarantor ceasing to be
a subsidiary; and
(b)for Registered Senior Notes issued under the 2022 Indenture, when such
guarantor is a guarantor or issuer of indebtedness in an aggregate outstanding
principal amount of less than 25% of our total outstanding indebtedness.

In addition, each guarantee by a direct or indirect parent of Eaton Company
(other than Eaton) anticipates that it will also be released if:

                                       38

————————————————– ——————————

Contents

(c) this warranty (so long as the guarantor is not obligated under any other
WE debt securities), becomes prohibited by any applicable law, rule or regulation or by any contractual obligation; Where


(d)such guarantee results in material adverse tax consequences to Eaton or any
of its subsidiaries (so long as the applicable guarantor is not obligated under
any other U.S. debt obligation).

Eaton’s warranty does not contain a release clause.

Future guarantors


The 2012 and 2017 Indentures generally provide that, with certain limited
exceptions, any subsidiary of Eaton must become a guarantor if it becomes
obligated as borrower or guarantor under any series of debt securities or a
syndicated credit facility. Further, the 2012 and 2017 Indentures provide that
any entity that becomes a direct or indirect parent entity of Eaton Corporation
and holds any material assets, with certain limited exceptions, or owes any
material liabilities must become a guarantor. The 2022 Indenture provides only
that, with certain limited exceptions, any subsidiary of Eaton must become a
guarantor if it becomes obligated as borrower or guarantor under indebtedness
with an aggregate outstanding principal amount in excess of 25% of the Parent
and its Subsidiaries' then-outstanding indebtedness.

The 1994 Indenture does not contain provisions regarding future guarantors.

Summarized financial information of guarantors and issuers


                                                                       September 30,          December 31,
(In millions)                                                              2022                   2021
Current assets                                                       $        3,671          $      3,032
Noncurrent assets                                                            12,984                11,553
Current liabilities                                                           3,333                 3,950
Noncurrent liabilities                                                        9,983                 8,461

Amounts due to non-issuing and non-guarantor subsidiaries – net

 17,765                18,006

                                                                                               Nine months
                                                                                                  ended
                                                                                              September 30
(In millions)                                                                                     2022
Net sales                                                                                    $      8,377
Sales to subsidiaries that are non-issuers and non-guarantors                                         686
Cost of products sold                                                                               6,874
Expense from subsidiaries that are non-issuers and
non-guarantors - net                                                                                  454
Net loss                                                                                              (27)


The financial information presented is that of Eaton Corporation and the
Guarantors, which includes Eaton Corporation plc, on a combined basis and the
financial information of non-issuer and non-guarantor subsidiaries has been
excluded. Intercompany balances and transactions between Eaton Corporation and
Guarantors have been eliminated, and amounts due from, amounts due to, and
transactions with non-issuer and non-guarantor subsidiaries have been presented
separately.


                                       39

————————————————– ——————————

  Table of Contents
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Form 10-Q Report contains forward-looking statements concerning litigation,
expected capital expenditures, future dividend payments, anticipated share
repurchases, and expected restructuring charges. These statements may discuss
goals, intentions and expectations as to future trends, plans, events, results
of operations or financial condition, or state other information relating to
Eaton, based on current beliefs of management as well as assumptions made by,
and information currently available to, management. Forward-looking statements
generally will be accompanied by words such as "anticipate," "believe," "could,"
"estimate," "expect," "forecast," "guidance," "intend," "may," "possible,"
"potential," "predict," "project" or other similar words, phrases or
expressions. These statements should be used with caution and are subject to
various risks and uncertainties, many of which are outside Eaton's control. The
following factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those in
the forward-looking statements: the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, including
government responses thereto and the rate of global economic recovery therefrom;
unanticipated changes in the markets for the Company's business segments;
unanticipated downturns in business relationships with customers or their
purchases from us; the availability of credit to customers and suppliers; supply
chain disruptions, competitive pressures on sales and pricing; unanticipated
changes in the cost of material, labor and other production costs, or unexpected
costs that cannot be recouped in product pricing; the introduction of competing
technologies; unexpected technical or marketing difficulties; unexpected claims,
charges, litigation or dispute resolutions; strikes or other labor unrest; the
impact of acquisitions and divestitures; unanticipated difficulties integrating
acquisitions; new laws and governmental regulations; interest rate changes; tax
rate changes or exposure to additional income tax liability; stock market and
currency fluctuations; war, natural disasters, civil or political unrest or
terrorism; and unanticipated deterioration of economic and financial conditions
in the United States and around the world. Eaton does not assume any obligation
to update these forward-looking statements.

© Edgar Online, source Previews

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Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables Market 2022: Company, Size, Advancement, Supply and Potential Opportunities 2029 | Medical Instrument Shanghai Pax, Medifa-hesse, Skytron https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/electromotive-hydraulic-surgical-tables-market-2022-company-size-advancement-supply-and-potential-opportunities-2029-medical-instrument-shanghai-pax-medifa-hesse-skytron/ Sat, 29 Oct 2022 15:05:44 +0000 https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/electromotive-hydraulic-surgical-tables-market-2022-company-size-advancement-supply-and-potential-opportunities-2029-medical-instrument-shanghai-pax-medifa-hesse-skytron/ Reading time:3 minutes, 51 seconds New Jersey (USA) – The Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables market research report provides all the insights related to the industry. It gives the outlook of the market by giving authentic data to its client which helps in making essential decisions. It provides an overview of the market, which includes […]]]>


Reading time:3 minutes, 51 seconds

New Jersey (USA) – The Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables market research report provides all the insights related to the industry. It gives the outlook of the market by giving authentic data to its client which helps in making essential decisions. It provides an overview of the market, which includes its definition, applications and developments, and manufacturing technology. This Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables market research report tracks all the recent developments and innovations in the market. It gives the data regarding the hurdles while establishing the business and guides to overcome the upcoming challenges and hurdles.

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Some of the major companies influencing this market include:Shanghai Pax Medical Instrument, Medifa-hesse, Skytron, Getinge, BiHealthcare, Merivaara, Mizuho, ​​STERIS, UFSK-OSYS, Brumaba, Stryker, Schmitz u. Sohne, Image Diagnostics, Hill-Rom, Alvo, Schaerer Medical, Bender, Infinium Medical, AGA Sanitatsartikel, Lojer, Mindray Medical

Market scenario:

Firstly, this Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables research report introduces the market by providing an overview including definitions, applications, product launches, developments, challenges, and regions. The market is expected to show strong growth thanks to boosted consumption in various markets. An analysis of current market designs and other basic characteristics is provided in the Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables report.

A comprehensive discussion of several market analysis strategies, such as SWOT analysis and five-point analysis, is provided in the market study. Additionally, the market study also contains an in-depth study on numerous growth strategies and plans to expand the business frontiers regionally and globally. It provides readers with a detailed breakdown of all development opportunities and market challenges associated with the Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables Market. The risk analysis provided by the Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables market research helps market players reduce or eliminate risk.

Global Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables Market Segmentation:

Market Segmentation: By Type

General surgery tables
Imaging tables
Neurology charts

Market Segmentation: By Application

Hospital
Clinical

Regional coverage:

The regional coverage of the market is mentioned in the report, mainly focusing on the regions:

  • North America
  • South America
  • Asia and Pacific Region
  • Middle East and Africa
  • Europe

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The global Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables market study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the current and past market situation, along with future forecasts and evidence-based market estimates provided by marketers. This dataset contains market size and volume of the global Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables market regarding current market dynamics and expected business size during the forecast. Essential data regarding cost structure, supply chain, and revenue are presented collectively and with granular classification classifying the global Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables market at the trade level, industry level, and regional level outlining the growth. activities of the global Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables market. Market tables in the future.

Global Objectives of the Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables Market Research:

  • To provide an in-depth understanding of the Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables industry.
  • To highlight the critical data of each segment at an extended level.
  • To determine the key success factors in different segments of the Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables industry.
  • To highlight trends in specific sectors.
  • Provide an overview of key segments.
  • To perform an economic analysis, construct quantitative and financial models of the global Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables industry and individual segments.
  • To project the future performance of the global Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables industry and identify imperatives.
  • Identify the risks of investing in particular segments and suggest appropriate strategies to mitigate the risks.
  • Investigate what has been restraining the Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables industry during the pandemic and the forces driving up the global Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables market post-pandemic.

Contents

Global Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables Market Research Report 2022-2029

Chapter 1 Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables Market Overview

Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry

Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers

Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region

Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions

Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application

Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis

Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

Chapter 12 Global Electromotive Hydraulic Surgical Tables Market Forecast

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Cider rules | The Daily Standard Stories https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/cider-rules-the-daily-standard-stories/ Wed, 26 Oct 2022 18:01:12 +0000 https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/cider-rules-the-daily-standard-stories/ Wednesday, October 26, 2022 At Christmas, wassail is king. Lemonade and iced tea are huge in the summer. But no drink says fall like a glass of apple cider. By Leslie Gartrell Photo by Leslie Gartrell/The Daily Standard Jim Menchhofer, owner of Menchhofer Farms, shows off a variety of apples that will be made into […]]]>

Wednesday, October 26, 2022

At Christmas, wassail is king. Lemonade and iced tea are huge in the summer. But no drink says fall like a glass of apple cider.

By Leslie Gartrell

Photo by Leslie Gartrell/The Daily Standard

Jim Menchhofer, owner of Menchhofer Farms, shows off a variety of apples that will be made into apple cider.

COLD WATER – Jim Menchhofer walked past rows of crates filled to the brim with apples from his farm’s orchard.

The fruit came in a variety of shades of red, green and yellow. Apples were meant for one purpose: apple cider.

Menchhofer Farms, located at 5679 Wabash Road, has been making fresh-pressed apple cider for nearly 20 years and sells about 2,000 gallons of cider each year.

Making apple cider is less complex than you might think. However, this may require heavy machinery, namely an apple crusher and a hydraulic press.

The story begins, of course, with apples. About a third to half of the apples grown in the Menchhofer Farms orchard are used for making cider, Menchhofer said.

Still, not all apples are created equal, he said.

Take the Delicious Red Apple for example – bright red and beautiful, this apple was designed to be attractive. However, its flavor leaves a lot to be desired, Menchhofer said.

Sweet varieties such as honeycrisp and fuji are ideal for cider, but using these varieties alone would result in a cider that is far too sweet.

“Normally I try to have at least five different apple varieties,” he said.

Photo by Leslie Gartrell/The Daily Standard

Delicious golden apples waiting to be disinfected.

Depending on what is available in the orchard during the growing season, the farmer said he uses Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious, Red Delicious and Honeycrisp apples to make cider.

The apple variety makes a well-balanced cider that’s neither too sweet nor too sour, he said.

It takes 10 pounds of apples to make a single gallon of cider, Menchhofer said. After the apples are picked, the fruit is disinfected with chlorinated water to remove any dirt or bacteria and rinsed with fresh water.

Apples with bruised or undesirable-looking flesh can still be used for cider, Menchhofer said. The staff peels or cuts anything that looks objectionable on the apple before setting them aside.

Whole apples are fed into an apple crusher, including the skin, stem and core. The machine crushes and grinds the fruit until it reaches a consistency similar to applesauce.

Photo by Leslie Gartrell/The Daily Standard

Aaron Sheets, 13, feeds whole apples into an apple crusher before emptying a basket of apples into the machine.

Photo by Leslie Gartrell/The Daily Standard

The crushed apples are wrapped in cloth and weighed down with blocks to squeeze out the juice.

The crushed apples are wrapped in cloth and transferred to a hydraulic press. The fabric, once pure white, is stained brown after a few cycles in the hydraulic press due to apple juice, Menchhofer said.

Bunches of applesauce are layered between heavy, durable planks on a hydraulic press. The approximately 70-year-old hydraulic press can process about seven layers of crushed apples per press.

Using wooden blocks, the layers of crushed apples and planks are pressed, squeezing out as much juice as possible. The juice flows into a 55 gallon reservoir before being measured in gallons.

Leftover apple shreds can be composted or fed to pigs, he said, but noted there weren’t many other uses for the scraps.

Menchhofer said staff try to press apple cider at least twice a week, completing the cider crushing and pressing cycle about six times during each session.

Two nights of pressed apple cider can create about 300 gallons of cider each week, he said.

Photo by Leslie Gartrell/The Daily Standard

Menchhofer Farms staff members fill gallon jugs with freshly squeezed juice.

Unlike traditional apple juice, apple cider is unfiltered, unsweetened and unpasteurized, Menchhofer said.

Traditional apple juice is still strained to remove pulp and sediment from the raw juice, unlike cider. As a result, commercial apple juice is usually clear while cider can appear cloudy or cloudy.

The cider contains no sweeteners, preservatives or additives, which means it is not shelf stable, Menchhofer said. Fresh cider can last about two weeks in the fridge, he said.

Those who buy the cider from the farm may notice a buildup of residue at the bottom of the gallon if left to sit for a little while.

Menchhofer said the sediment is nothing to worry about — the residue is just apple particles that have settled to the bottom of the jug. Customers simply shake the pitcher to reincorporate it, which has no effect on taste or texture.

Photo by Bill Thornbro/The Daily Standard

Savor these apple facts with a glass of cider and a donut.

SOURCES: Ohio State University, Purdue University

Although fresh apple cider does not contain alcohol, it can be left to ferment at room temperature. Over time, cider can ferment into hard apple cider or apple cider vinegar, Menchhofer said.

“Being freshly squeezed, (the cider is) labeled apple juice, but it’s considered sweet cider because we didn’t give the bacteria time to sit down and ferment,” said member Kelly Sheets. Staff.

“It will take two or three days just at room temperature to start fermentation. This is when you will get a layer of frothy bubbles on top. If you let it sit in the fridge, it can take three weeks ( to ferment)” she said.

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Lonnie Smith, Sr. Obituary – Times Record https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/lonnie-smith-sr-obituary-times-record/ Sun, 23 Oct 2022 18:40:20 +0000 https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/lonnie-smith-sr-obituary-times-record/ Lonnie Smith Sr., 85 of Van Buren died Friday, October 21, 2022 at his home. He was a hydraulic repairman and a veteran of the United States Army. He was a member of the 1st Church of God in Van Buren. He was predeceased by both his parents; his beloved son Ty Smith; a sister […]]]>

Lonnie Smith Sr., 85 of Van Buren died Friday, October 21, 2022 at his home. He was a hydraulic repairman and a veteran of the United States Army. He was a member of the 1st Church of God in Van Buren. He was predeceased by both his parents; his beloved son Ty Smith; a sister and a brother.

He is survived by his wife of 62 years Bertha Smith of the house; two daughters Sissie Sivage and husband Mark and Christie Cureton and husband Jimmy all of Van Buren; a son Lonnie Smith Jr. and his wife Lisa of Van Buren; three sisters Patsy Jo Graham of Texas, Betty Jo Burrow and her husband Jerry and Sheila Roller, all of Fort Smith; three brothers Leon Smith and his wife Flo of Fort Smith, Don Paul Smith and his wife Jolene of Park Hill, Oklahoma and Harold Jay Smith and his wife Patsy of Blue Mountain, Arkansas; thirteen grandchildren Joshua Sharp, Jeremy Sharp and his wife PJ, Zachary Sivage and his wife Courtney, Michael Cureton and his wife Madi, Matt Smith and his wife Makayla, Ashley Brasher and her husband Zach, MaLea Shae Smith and Faith Cureton; eight great-grandchildren Magen Sharp, Hayley Swindle, Braxton Sharp, Sam Cox, Kamdyn Smith Everleigh Brasher, Heston Brasher and Harvey Cureton, with another great-grandson Krew Smith.

Funeral services will be held Wednesday, October 26, 2022 at 10 a.m. at Ocker Memorial Chapel with Brother Tom Lawson officiating. All arrangements and cremation are under the direction of Ocker Funeral Home in Van Buren.

Online tributes: www.ockerfuneralhome.com

Posted on October 23, 2022

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Close coupling of hydraulic pumps directly to the main engine https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/close-coupling-of-hydraulic-pumps-directly-to-the-main-engine/ Thu, 20 Oct 2022 15:30:27 +0000 https://centrifugalpumpsmanufacturer.com/close-coupling-of-hydraulic-pumps-directly-to-the-main-engine/ jbj Techniques walks us through design considerations for coupling hydraulic pumps to main engines Getting the most out of your machines often depends on tight integration between all components, with the correct specification of couplings between them to ensure correct shaft alignment, optimize performance and minimize wear. The experts at jbj Techniques […]]]>



jbj Techniques walks us through design considerations for coupling hydraulic pumps to main engines

Getting the most out of your machines often depends on tight integration between all components, with the correct specification of couplings between them to ensure correct shaft alignment, optimize performance and minimize wear. The experts at jbj Techniques walk us through the design considerations for coupling hydraulic pumps to main engines.

In application areas as diverse as industrial, mobile, marine, machine tools, agricultural equipment and offshore installations, machines that need to generate high forces in a compact package typically rely on hydraulic drive systems. At the heart of this power transmission system is the hydraulic pump, itself driven by a main motor which can be an engine (electric, hydraulic or pneumatic) or a heat engine.

Proper coupling of the hydraulic pump to the main motor is key to the performance of the entire drive system. Improper pump installation can lead to premature pump failure, increased maintenance costs and reduced productivity. And proper pump shaft alignment is necessary to prevent unnecessary wear and damage to the pump shaft seal and bearing.

There are also unwanted torsional resonance frequencies in the system to consider, which can quickly damage driveline components, reduce system life and again impact performance.

Hydraulic pump adapters are specially designed to provide a tight coupling between the pump and the main motor, ensuring optimized performance of the drive system, reduced wear, reduced maintenance performance and long service life.

Because the overall system design – from pumps and motors to gearboxes, clutches, couplings, bells, flanges, seals, coolers and more – and the specific performance requirements are different for each system, jbj Techniques does not rely not just from a catalog of off-the-shelf components, but also manufactures and integrates all the various components of a transmission to provide a bespoke solution. This means that the perfect system can be built from a wide range of components available from stock or can be made to order.

As part of this capability, jbj Techniques manufactures custom hydraulic adapters. Each consists of a bell housing and a flexible drive coupling that are fully machined to fit the drive and driven components. These can be adapted for shaft-to-shaft, flange (flywheel)-to-shaft or even flange-to-flange connections.

To connect the hydraulic pump to an electric motor, jbj’s full range of lanterns can accommodate motors with IEC frame sizes from D56 to D400 (0.06-750 kW) and can be compatible with motor flange configurations electrical B5 or B14. There is also a full range of mountings suitable for NEMA and Imperial frame motors with C-face or D-flange mountings.

Lanterns can be made from aluminum or cast iron as standard, while a variety of exotic materials can be fitted on request. The range of aluminum products are produced in one-piece or composite formats offering great design flexibility and enabling fast lead times – often with same day or next day delivery options.

With fully machined, torsionally flexible or torsionally rigid couplings available, jbj ensures that the most appropriate combination is selected for the application. Spider couplings are available in a variety of materials including aluminum, gray cast iron, nodular cast iron, steel and stainless steels, and can be machined with parallel, tapered or splined bores to DIN, SAE, ANSI standards or ISO. For applications requiring low noise levels, a full range of anti-vibration and noise reduction components are added to the lineup.

Hazardous areas

Hydraulic adapters can also be manufactured to couple pumps to electric motors in hazardous area applications, in accordance with ATEX standards. Couplings supplied for these applications provide an anti-static and explosion-proof drive that meets Zone 1 requirements in accordance with all of the above standards. Spider and gear couplings are also available, certified to Zone 2 standards.

One area of ​​coupling specification in hazardous area applications that must be considered is the high temperatures generated by a piston pump shaft seal as the pump cycles between different pressures. This process will often raise the temperature of the gasket beyond the levels required by the relevant ATEX standards.

To solve this problem, jbj Techniques offers the Wet Mount Lantern Series. This specially designed assembly allows a pumped cooling stream to pass over the seal face and through an auxiliary cooler. This in turn reduces the temperature of the seal face which can be maintained to an acceptable level.

Motor adapters

In addition to hydraulic adapters for electric motors, jbj Techniques is also able to supply a full range of lanterns and couplings for petrol and diesel engines. Diesel engine sizes from SAE 6 to SAE 0 can be accommodated, and couplings to complete the assembly are available in torsionally flexible or torsionally rigid.

For hydraulic pumps to be fitted to non-SAE sized engines, JBJ offers a full line of assembly parts. All housings in this range can be finished machined to accept any piston, vane or gear pump interface.

As with the range of hydraulic adapters for electric motors, jbj Techniques offers complete solutions for ATEX environments.

For gasoline engines, adapters have been developed to fit Honda, Briggs and Stratton, Kawasaki, Kubota, Hatz, Mag, Robin, Suzuki and Winsconsin engines, to name but a few. All adapters can be finished to accept most hydraulic pumps. Adapters suitable for the crankshaft drives of the engine and for vertical mounting are available on request.

For all of its hydraulic adapters, jbj’s in-house design team and manufacturing facility provide tailor-made solutions for customer applications at competitive prices and with on-time deliveries. jbj Techniques can advise you on the correct installation of hydraulic pumps depending on the application and can specify complete transmission systems from its extensive range of components – available from stock or made to order, whether simple or complex, standard or custom.

Visit www.jbj.co.uk/hydraulic-adaptors.html


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